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2000 Words of Reading Notes

时间:2016-07-29 Source: yjnnfood.com Time: 2016-07-29

2000 Words of Reading Notes

Start with four stories in "Shi Shuo Xin Yu _ Jian Yuan Juan".

There are nine stories of Jin people's frugality in "Shi Shuo Xin Yu _ Jian Yuan Juan", of which four are about Wang Rong.

One: Wang Rong was both expensive and rich when he was Situ, and he is one of the best places in Beijing. Wang Rong personally controls Tian Qi, and often calculates property with his wife under the candle.

In the old days, Wang Xietang Qianyan said that the Langya Wang family was very prosperous in the Eastern Jin Dynasty. In the Western Jin Dynasty, the Langya Wangs were not first-class gatekeepers. The popularity of Hedong Pei and Yingchuan Yangs was slightly higher than that of Langya Wangs. Although, the evaluation of the valve mainly refers to the ancestors' official status and title. But wealth is also an important aspect of social interaction among the wealthy family.

While Confucian ethics ruled China, he advocated benevolence, righteousness, loyalty, and filial piety. On the surface, money was looked down upon, but it was all hypocritical. Since Confucius, Confucian scholars have been a fan of officials. In ancient and modern Chinese history, power and money have always been connected. Wanting to be an official and getting rich is one thing.

From the current point of view, good at financial management is of course a great advantage.

2: Wang Rong has a good plum tree in his house. When Wang Rong sells plums, he fears that others will get the seeds, so he drills the plums in advance.

This is similar to the current awareness of the protection of technological property rights. Why is it so? Wang Rong is a great wealth manager who is ahead of the times.

Some intellectuals in ancient and modern China must not be sour, and have a sense of hatred in their thoughts, discriminating against all kinds of hard-working and legally profitable behaviors. In the subconscious, this is a kind of jealousy, because one's financial management is incapable, and he cannot reasonably and legitimately possess wealth, so he complains all day.

Three: When Wang Rong's daughter married Hedong Pei Ye, she borrowed tens of thousands of yuan from Wang Rong and did not return it for a long time. Wang Rong looked unhappy when her daughter came back to save her relatives, and was not happy until the money was paid off.

This is the most reasonable kind of loan relationship between loved ones. Father and son, brothers and sisters settle accounts, what's wrong?

It was Pei Ye's fault that he was in debt.

Four: When Wang Rong's nephew got married, Wang Rong gave away only one piece of clothing. After he got married, he wanted to return.

On the surface, this case is a bit excessive.

I may cite an improper example: Wu Song in The Water Margin is a murderer. Because he killed Xi Menqing and Pan Jinlian. But most people don't hate Wu Song, because Wu Song's violations are excusable.

Inferring from this, "Shi Shuo Xin Yu" and "Jin Shu" only one-sidedly recorded the result of Wang Rong's gift to be returned, but did not mention the dispute between Wang Rong's uncle and nephew. Are there any hidden feelings and excuses?

Of course, some friends may find my defense of Wang Rong a bit far-fetched here.

However, everyone must know how romantic Wang Rong is. How could he do such a thing without taste?

Wang Rong was only slightly older than Ruan Ji's nephew Ruan Xian in the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Forest, and was able to associate with Ji Kang and Ruan Ji who were more than 20 years old. What proud people are Ji Kang and Ruan Ji? He and Ruan's attitude toward lay people is that if they are unmanned and their eyes are rolled, their eyes cannot be reached by ordinary people.

Even Shan Tao and Wang Rong, who are officials and princes (principal level), have the essence of Wei and Jin, like Ji Kang and Ruan Ji.

Ji Kang openly broke off with Shan Tao to protect Shan Tao. Friends who can rest assured of solitude, how good is the friendship? If Ji Kang really looks down on Shan Tao, he can treat him like a Zhonghui with a cold mouth, which is the biggest disdain. The reason why he wrote "The Book of Divorce with Shan Juyuan" with fanfare was only to protect Shan Tao. Because a person like Ji Kang who pursues true spiritual freedom will never interfere with the freedom of others.

In fact, in "Book of Fortune Thirty-three? Biography of Wang Rong", Wang Rongzhen's pretentious behavior was already mentioned, in order to protect himself in the most chaotic era of China before and after the Eight King Rebellion.

There are precedents. Before the Qin Dynasty general Wang Xi led a 600,000 army to destroy Chu, he used the request to reward the field to dispel Qin Wangzheng's suspicion. Sima Qian, a politically unsuccessful eunuch, criticized Wang Xi for not supporting Qin Jiande with his sour brushstrokes. Actually, the net worth is gone. What is the use of hypocrisy and nominal virtue?

Xiao He, the famous ambassador of the Han Dynasty, always appeased and sympathized the people in Guanzhong, and was loved by the people. However, in order to dispel Liu Bang's suspicion, he had to compel and buy the folk house for self-defilement. This is because the ordinary little officials, the emperor is not afraid of their ambitions, and they are often severely punished if they are corrupt. For heroes and heroes, the emperor is mainly to prevent them from having ambitions. For trivial matters, it is not important.

When Wang Rong was the official in the center, Yang Jun, Jia Hou, Zhao Wang Sima Lun, Qi Wang Sima Lu, Changsha Wang Sima Lu, Donghai Wang Sima Yue, Chengdu Wang Sima Ying, you, the king, you sing me . In this chaotic situation, Wang Rong can save his life is very difficult, let alone keep his prosperity and wealth. But Wang Rong did it. He died at the end of his rare life at the age of 72, and left a legend of romantic wealth in the official history.

Although Wang Rong's deeds are not comparable to those of Wang Xi and Xiao He, they are undoubtedly to a certain extent the heirs of the same humanitarian Huang Laozhi.

Looking back at "Jin Shujuan Forty-three? Wang Rong Biography", we can find that Wang Rong loves money, but he is not a greedy person. After the death of Wang Rong, the father of Wang Rong, the prince of Ling Zhou, Liangzhou, his old official donated millions, and Wang Rong resigned without accepting it.

Gentlemen love fortune, in a proper way. Wang Rong's frugal style of life and successful means of managing money are really models for all generations.

Now I often hear the rich Jewish record in the history of foreign countries and the extremely frugal records of the Ming and Qing Dynasties. They are all like Wang Rong, who are worthy of masterpieces.

2000 Words of Reading Notes

Reading "The New Words of the World Literature", I feel more of the ancient people's good learning attitude and strong learning atmosphere. One of the records that deeply touched me was the story of Zheng Xuan.

Zheng Xuan's slaves read books. Taste it for a while, without decree, tart it. Fang Zichen said, mysterious anger caused people to drag in the mud. Xu Xun, there was a joke, asked: Hu is in the mud? Answer: I speak thinly, I am angry with each other.

This passage means: Zheng Xuan's servants like to read books. On one occasion, Zheng Xuan felt that his slave officer was dissatisfied and was ready to use family law to punish him. The niece thought she was wronged and wanted to explain it; but at this time Zheng Xuansheng was angry, so she was asked to drag her into the mud in the courtyard. At this time, just another niece came and asked: Why are you standing in the mud? When she asked, she quoted a sentence from Hu Wei in the Book of Songs; The reprimanded answer quoted the thin words in the Book of Songs; Feng Feng; Bai Zhou, each anger, used to explain: I was meant to explain to him (Zheng Xuan) clearly , Who knows just in time for his angry fire.

Regardless of Zheng Xuan's hot temper, whether right or wrong, the learning atmosphere in Zheng Xuan's home is even more convincing. Although she is a maid, she can be so skilful in citing classics, and it is witty, timeless and appropriate. It is said that it is close to Zhu Zhechi and black to Mo Zhe, but when you think about the deeds of more literati, this is not the case. Here, people are more aware of Zheng Xuan ’s high academic achievements, and even the domestic servants are extremely Rich culture, Zheng Xuan's academic cultivation is even more admirable. This can not help but remind people of the current state of student learning. Chinese civilization has a long history. As a Chinese, we should inherit and carry forward this precious spiritual wealth, carry forward the national spirit, and at the same time contribute to the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. A force.

According to the record in "Shi Shuo Xin Yu Literature", the rich learning atmosphere created by the ancients themselves really made future generations ashamed. In order to discuss academic knowledge, scholars debated each other, learned from each other, and learned from each other's strengths. This kind of mind and manner is beyond the reach of future generations. However, this kind of culture is an indispensable spirit for our research and national development. Under the premise of hard work, we can achieve twice the result with half the effort, and let our respective research achieve a leap forward. It is also a powerful stroke for the development of China's road to power.

Wang Yan, who has not yet reached the weak crown, went to the banquet hosted by the official secretary Shang Yan to invite a prestigious guest to the banquet. He Yan told him the most exciting part of the guest's discussion and asked: This is the most important thing to do, can it be recovered? (I think this The truth is correct, can you still question it?) In the face of the predecessors, Wang Xi, who is not afraid of tigers, still raises questions, but none of the guests in the room can answer it. He Yan was not furious because of Wang Xi's excellence, and Wang Qi also won the admiration and admiration from the audience. It can be said that Wang Xun's behavior now seems to be out of the limelight and jealousy, but the older generation of writers such as He Yan did not exclude Wang Xuan because of this, but forgot his age and learned modestly. It can be said that this kind of thinking will be beneficial to Better promotion of academic progress is also more conducive to the cultivation of new cultural inheritors. Such an attitude and manner, such a convincing academic atmosphere, and yearning, should be worthy of each of us.

When Lieutenant Wang Yifu met Ruan Xuanzi, he asked: What are the similarities and differences between the teachings of Lao Tzu, Zhuang Zi, and Confucianism? He replied: Will there be no difference? The Lieutenant is so satisfied that he appoints him as eunuch. And Wei Wei laughed at him and said: One word can be called, why use three words! Xuanzi said: As long as it is popular, you can call it without talking, and one word is superfluous. So the two became friends. Xuanzi did not get angry because of Wei Yi's ridicule, but persuaded Wei Yi with clever language. The two had an academic discussion on this issue, and there was no personal dispute. It also reflected the scholarly atmosphere and tolerance. This is especially valuable for the academic mind.

The exchanges between scholars and scholars during the Wei and Jin Dynasties were more based on academics and ideology. The erudite people were more known and respected, which promoted the development of culture and other aspects in the Wei and Jin period at that time, and it is worthy of emulation by future generations. Especially for the literati's academic cultivation, more aspects are thought-provoking.

Yin Hao, Sun Sheng, Wang Meng, Xie Shang and other celebrities gathered in Wang Meng's house. Yin Hao discussed Sun Yi with Sun Sheng, and Sun Sheng thought that his speech was the most reasonable and could not last. Everyone here disagreed with him and could not convince him. Wang Meng sighed and said: If Liu Zhen grows up, he will surely subdue him. Sun Sheng also realized that he was not as good as Liu Zhenchang. When Liu arrived, Sun Sheng briefly stated the reasons just mentioned, and his tone was much worse than before. Liu Zhenchang spoke more than 200 sentences, his words and questions were concise, and Sun could no longer answer. It can be seen that scholars' debates are more complementary, and fierce debates more embody the literati's thirst for knowledge. This aspect is what we should see more and we should highly respect.

Sun Anguo went to talk with General Yin Hao of the Chinese Army, and the two of them argued back and forth. Both were impeccable. The waiter reheated the food served several times and couldn't care about eating it. The two parties struggled to shake the dust on the meal, and the host and the host did not even remember to eat in the evening. Yin Hao said to Sun Anguo: "Don't be a hard-mouthed horse, I will wear your nose. Sun Anguo said," Did you not see the cow that broke the nose? Be careful, people will wear your cheeks! When the debate is so fierce At this level, the humorous and humorous words of the scholars are even more lamented. At the same time, the academic spirit of both sides is truly admired.

Of course, this is more a reflection of the literati's love and tolerance. However, there are also many examples of literati using knowledge to get rid of trouble.

Zheng Xuan lived under Ma Rong's door, but after three years of living, he didn't see the teacher, only Ma Rong's disciples passed on some knowledge. Once Ma Rong had calculated the celestial phenomena, and the disciples did not agree with it, and his disciples could not solve it. Some people say that Zheng Xuan knows how to calculate. Ma Rong then summoned Zheng Xuan to make him calculate. Zheng Xuan solved the problem by turning the disc, and everyone was surprised. When his studies were completed, Zheng Xuan resigned and returned home. Ma Rong sighed and said, "Rites and music have all gone to the East! At the same time, I was afraid that Zheng Xuan's fame would be higher than himself, and he was jealous." Zheng Xuan suspected that he had been persecuted, so he sat under the bridge and stepped on the water with a wooden clog. Ma Rong used diversion method in Zhouyi to search for his whereabouts. After seeing the hexagram, he said to the people around him: Zheng Xuan is on the water under the soil and leans on a wooden board, so he must be dead. So no longer chasing. Zheng Xuan was spared.

This story is about Zheng Xuan ’s knowledge being jealous, and Zheng Xuan ’s wits out of difficulties, but it ’s not difficult for us to understand. Learning should be like Zheng Xuan ’s, he should actively explore and dare to consult with his predecessors and others. Do more useful and meaningful things with your own knowledge and contribute your own strength to the social development and construction of our country.

What's more worth mentioning is that in the article "Shi Shuo Xin Yu Literature" about the literati's attitudes towards women, Taifu Xie asked Lu Tui: Why did Zhang Ping write obituaries for her mother instead of for her father? Answer : Naturally, this is because the character of the man has been shown in his deeds; and the virtue of the woman, then the non-paraphrase cannot be displayed. Mrs. Xie Lang's mother, Mrs. Wang, said to Zhi Lin Dao because of her son's frailty: The new woman suffered less from family difficulties and was sent by her throughout her life. Xie Gongyu sat down and said that his wife was generous and could be narrated. Hate not let the princes see you! It is not difficult to imagine why the literary work "Hua Mulan" has been passed down to this day. The value of the story is of course important, but It should be seen that people's enthusiasm for inheriting these works cannot be ignored.

The so-called "new literature in the world"; the so-called literature in literature refers to the article academic, rhetoric cultivation, and also includes human ecology, the principle of doing things. In this period, the literary literati took a clear discussion as the main content and a debate as the main method, and integrated understanding of Buddhism, Taoism, and metaphysics. The spirit of tolerance and academic research embodied in this is worthy of our careful research and study.

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